Publications Relating to Additive Manufacturing

Thermo-Calc Software have been cited over 14,000 times by users around the world.

Below you will find a selection of papers and presentations published by Thermo-Calc users showing some of the ways Thermo-Calc and DICTRA are being applied to additive manufacturing. 

  1. Cheruvathur, S., Lass E., Campbell, C., E., Additive Manufacturing of 17-4 PH Stainless Steel: Post Processing Heat Treatment to Achieve Uniform Reproducible Microstructure. JOM. 68.3 (2016) 930-942. DOI:
  2. Hofmann, D.C., Kolodziejska, J., Roberts, S., Otis, R., Dillon, R. P., Suh, J., Liu, Z., Borgonia, J., Compositionally graded metals: A new frontier of additive manufacturing. 29 (2014) 1899-1910. OI:
  3. Hofmann, D. C., Roberts, S., Otis, R., Kolodziejska, J., Dillon, R. P., Suh, J., Shapiro, A. A., Liu, Z., Borgonia, J., Developing Gradient Metal Alloys through Radial Deposition Additive Manufacturing. Scientific Reports. 4 (2014) 5357. DOI:
  4. Keller, T., Lindwall, G., Ghosh, S., Ma, L., Lane, B. M., Zhang, F., Kattner, U. R., Lass, E. A., Heigel, J. C., Idell, Y., Williams, M. E., Allen, A. J., Guyer, J. E., Levine, L. E., Application of Finite Element, Phase-field, and CALPHAD-based Methods to Additive Manufacturing of Ni-based Superalloys. Acta Materialia. (2017) DOI:
  5. Kenel, C., Leinenbach, C., Influence of Nb and Mo on microstructure formation of rapidly solidified ternary Ti-Al-(Nb, Mo) alloys. Intermetallics. 69 (2016) 82-89. DOI:
  6. Lindwall, G., Campbell, C. E., Lass, E. A., Zhang, F., Stoudt, M. R., Allen, A. J., Levine, L.E., Simulation of TTT Curves for Additively Manufactured Inconel 625. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. Volume 50, Issue 1 (2019) 457–467. DOI:
  7. Ma, L., Fong, J., Lane, B., Moylan, S., Filliben, J., Heckert, A., Levine, L., Using design of experiments in finite element modeling to identify critical variables for laser powder bed fusion. (2015). Read the full paper.  
  8. Martukanitz, R., Michalerisa, P., Palmera, T., DebRoya, T., Liua, Z., Otise, R., Heoe, T., W., Chena, L., Toward an integrated computational system for describing the additive manufacturing process for metallic materials. Additive Manufacturing. 1–4 (2014) 52–63. DOI:
  9. Sames, W. J., List, F. A., Pannala, S., Dehoff, R. R., Babu, S. S., The metallurgy and processing science of metal additive manufacturing. International Materials Reviews. 61 (2016) 315-360. DOI:
  10. Sames, W.J., Unocic, K.A., Dehoff, R.R., Lolla, T., and Babu, S.S., Thermal effects on microstructural heterogeneity of Inconel 718 materials fabricated by electron beam melting. Journal of Materials Research. 29 (2014) 1920-1930. DOI:
  11. Wagner, G. (2015). Computational and Analytical Methods in AM: Linking Process to Microstructure [PDF slides]. See the full presentation